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Imperial rule by Europeans would continue until after the conclusion of World War II, when almost all remaining colonial territories gradually obtained formal independence.Independence movements in Africa gained momentum following World War II, which left the major European powers weakened. In 1951,ed hardy bikini, Libya, a former Italian colony, gained independence. In 1956, Tunisiaand Morocco won their independence from France.[46] Ghana followed suit the next year (March 1957)[47], becoming the first of the sub-Saharan colonies to be freed. ed hardy hoody Most of the rest of the continent became independent over the next decade.
Portugal's overseas presence in Sub-Saharan Africa (most notably in Angola, Cape Verde, Mozambique, Guinea-Bissau and S?o Tom&eacute; and Pr&iacute;ncipe) lasted from the 16th century to 1975, after the Estado Novo regime was overthrown in a military coup in Lisbon. Zimbabwe won its independence from the United Kingdom in 1980 after a bitter guerrilla war between black nationalists and the white minority Rhodesian government of Ian Smith. Although South Africa was one of the first African countries to gain independence,cartier watche the state remained under the control of the country's white minority through a system of racial segregation known as apartheid until 1994.
Cold War conflicts between the United States and the Soviet Union, as well as the policies of the International Monetary Fund, also played a role in instability. When a country became independent for the first time, it was often expected to align with one of the two superpowers. Many countries in Northern Africa received Soviet military aid, while many in Central and Southern Africa were supported by the United States, France or both. The 1970s saw an escalation, as newly independentAngola and Mozambique aligned themselves with the Soviet Union,rolex watches cheap and the West and South Africa sought to contain Soviet influence by funding insurgency movements. There was a major famine in Ethiopia, when hundreds of thousands of people starved. Some claimed that Marxist/Soviet policies made the situation worse.[48][49][50]

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